1968 - U.S.A. - Martin Luther King Jr
1968: Civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr. delivered his "mountaintop" speech to a rally of striking sanitation workers in Memphis, Tenn., less than 24 hours before he was assassinated Find More What happened in 1968.
1860 - U.S.A. - Pony Express Service Starts1860: The Pony Express a new faster mail service using riders on a horseback relay instead of the traditional stagecoaches begins service between St. Joseph, Mo., and Sacramento, Calif. The Pony Express reduced the time for mail to travel from the Atlantic and Pacific coasts to around ten days. After only 1 year in March 1861 after suffering large losses and not gaining the mail contract, The Pony Express Company ceased trading.
1936 - U.S.A. - Bruno Richard Hauptmann1936: Bruno Richard Hauptmann is executed in the electric chair for the kidnapping and the death of the Lindbergh baby. More about the Lindbergh Kidnapping.
1948 - U.S.A. - Marshall Plan1948: U.S. President Harry S. Truman signs into law the Foreign Assistance Act, commonly known as the Marshall Plan which channeled more than $13 billion in aid to Europe between 1948 and 1951.
1954 - UK - 100th Boat Race1954: Oxford ( Dark Blues ) wins the 100th Boat Race by four-and-a-half lengths from Cambridge ( Light Blues ) in rough conditions on the River Thames.
1955 - Mexico - Train Crash1955: An express train is derailed and falls into a canyon near Guadalajara, Mexico leaving 300 dead after the crash.
1972 - U.S.A. - North Vietnamese Invasion Of South Vietnam1972: Following the invasion of North Vietnamese on South Vietnam The United States prepares hundreds of B-52s and fighter-bombers for possible air strikes to blunt the recently launched invasion.
1974 - U.S.A. - 148 Tornadoes1974: 148 tornadoes hit North America from Georgia to Canada within 16 hours and at times there were as many as 15 separate tornadoes on the ground at one time. The Super Outbreak affected a total of 11 US states and Ontario in Canada.
1974 - U.S.A. - Watergate Scandal1974: Following the start of the investigation into the Watergate scandal, President Nixon was also facing serious questions about his taxes and agreed to pay $432,787.13 plus interest in back taxes for the years 1969 through 1972.
1987 - Switzerland - Sotheby's Auction Windsor ( Wallis Simpson ) Jewels1987: The late Duchess of Windsor's ( Wallis Simpson )Jewels has been sold for £31m ($50m) during an auction in Switzerland. Bidders filled Sotherby's Auction Rooms around the world including New York to have their bids relayed to Geneva.
1993 - UK - Grand National1993: The English Grand National ends in chaos after a series of events at the start including protesters getting onto the track near the first fence and ended with only some of the riders competing in the race. The decision was made by the Jockey Club to declare the race void.
1996 - U.S.A. - Unabomber1996: Theodore John Kaczynski is arrested by the FBI accused of being the Unabomber, the elusive terrorist blamed for 16 mail bombs that killed three people and injured 23 during an 18-year period.
1998 - U.S.A. - Dow Jones Over 9,000 First Time1998: The Dow Jones industrial average climbed above 9,000 for the first time.
2000 - UK - Asylum Seekers2000: Asylum seekers in the UK are to receive vouchers to buy food and clothes and £10 a week in cash. This follows weeks of adverse publicity over begging on British streets involving asylum seekers.
2000 - U.S.A. - US Microsoft Antitrust Case2000: A case started in 1998 was a set of consolidated civil actions filed against Microsoft Corporation by the United States Department of Justice (DOJ) and twenty U.S. states claiming Microsoft abused its monopoly power in its handling of operating system sales with its bundled web browser ( Internet Explorer ) to eliminate competition in the Browser Wars between Internet Explorer, Netscape Navigator and Opera. The main issue in the case was that Microsoft embedded its Own Browser in its Operating System for free. On This day 2000, Judge Jackson issued a two-part ruling: his conclusions of law were that Microsoft had committed monopolization, attempted monopolization, and tying in violation of Sections 1 and 2 of the Sherman Act, and his remedy was that Microsoft must be broken into two separate units, one to produce the operating system, and one to produce other software components.
2004 - Spain - Madrid Railway Bombers2004: Five suspects in the Madrid railway bombings blew themselves up in a building outside the Spanish capital.
2006 - United States - Moussaoui is eligible for the death penalty2006: Al-Qaeda's Zacarias Moussaoui has been found eligible for the death penalty by a federal jury in Alexandria, Virginia. This is the first U.S. trial for the 9-11 terrorist attacks. The jurors agreed with federal prosecutors that Moussaoui's lies to F.B.I. agents had resulted in multiple deaths. The jury had reached their verdict on the fourth day of deliberations. Moussaoui refused to stand in court and showed no reaction to the verdict until the jurors had left.
2006 - United States - Severe storms in the Midwest2006: Severe storms, with a number of tornadoes, have passed through several states and killed about twenty-seven people. Most of the damage was done in Tennessee, where twenty-three deaths have been reported. Three have died in Missouri and one in Illinois. Dozens of people were injured in northeastern Arkansas, and people were warned from going outside in Kentucky and Indiana.
2007 - Syria - Nancy Pelosi in Syria2007: House Speaker Nancy Pelosi has met Syria's President Bashar al-Assad, who tells her that he is keen to resume peace talks with Israel. While in Damascus, Pelosi says that she has given Assad a similar message from the Israeli Prime Minister, Ehud Olmert. She voices concern over Syria's connections to Hamas and stresses the importance of Damascus' role in the peace talks between Palestine and Israel. Her visit angers President Bush, who says that it undermines U.S. foreign policy. Bush also says that Pelosi's trip will send "mixed signals" that could undermine the U.S.-led efforts to isolate the Syrian president.
2008 - U.S.A. - Unemployment2008: The number of Americans filing first-time claims for unemployment benefits increased last week to the highest level since September 2005. The jobless numbers are blamed on a housing recession and mounting losses in financial markets causing a credit squeeze and consumers to slow their spending.
2009 - Germany - Obama Highlights Europe’s Threat From Al-Qaeda2009: US President Barack Obama has urged for better use of NATO resources in Afghanistan. Participating in this year's summit he said that al-Qaeda is a greater threat to Europe than it is to the United States. NATO's Secretary-General said that members are reluctant to send more troops to Afghanistan unless the country adopts a law to protect the rights of women. Michelle Obama was also in Baden-Baden. The summit is taking place between April 3rd and 4th and is being co-hosted by France and Germany.
2010 - United States - Twelve-year-old New York Girl Is Suing the City for Being Arrested at School2010: The twelve-year-old schoolgirl that was handcuffed and arrested in February for doodling on her desk is planning to sue the city. A lawyer for Alexa Gonzalez and her mother has notified the city that they will be asking for $1 million in damages for the incident which took place inside Junior High School 190. The legal papers have described her ordeal as excessive use of force and a violation of her rights. "We want to stop this from happening to other young children in the future," the lawyer said. She is said to have used an erasable lime-green marker to scribble the message "I love my friends Abby and Faith" on the desk. New York City officials have acknowledged that the arrest was a mistake, and said that better judgment should have been used. Gonzalez was suspended from school and tried in a family court, where she received eight hours of community service and was required to write an essay on the lessons she had learned.
2010 - United States - Apple Releases Ipad2010: Apple has released the much-publicized Ipad a tablet computer, the Ipad sold 3 million units in the first 3 months, The Ipad is the same operating system as the iPod Touch and iPhone and measures 9.7 in (25 cm) with a liquid crystal display and operates via its touch-sensitive screen.
2010 - Kyrgyzstani - Riots and Demonstrations Begin2010: Following the closure of Media Outlets who were not pro-government protesters gathered outside the UN's headquarters in the capital of Bishkek to inform Ban Ki-moon of the media situation beginning 2 weeks of riots and protests led to the ousting of President Kurmanbek Bakiyev.
2011 - United States - Spanish Actress Gets Star on Walk of Fame2011: Penelope Cruz became the first Spanish actress to receive a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. The Oscar-winning actress received the 2,436th star placed in front of the El Capitan Theater and was accompanied by husband Javier Bardem and, co-star and friend, Johnny Depp during the ceremony.
2012 - Colombia - Farc Rebels Release Hostages2012: Colombia's Farc rebels released the last ten police and military hostages. Some of the hostages had spent up to fourteen years being held by the rebels. The country's president, Juan Manuel Santos, was happy about the release but said it did not go far enough to open peace talks as the rebels still held an unknown number of civilian hostages. The FARC rebels had been fighting the Colombian government for around fifty years.
2013 - North Korea - Blocks Kaesong Zone2013: North Korea has blocked South Korean workers from entering the Kaesong joint industrial zone as tensions between the two countries grew. This was the first time North Korea had blocked South Korean workers from entering since 2009. The area was one of the last functioning connections between the two countries and acts as a significant source of income for North Korea as well as a valuable symbol of cooperation.
2014 - US - Confirms Cuba Text Service2014: The United States officials confirmed that the text message service ZunZuneo in Cuba was created by a United States government aid agency and ran from 2009 to 2012. The alleged purpose of the program was to be a "Twitter-like" means to gauge and contribute to unrest in Cuba.
Born This Day In History 3rd AprilCelebrating Birthdays Today
Died: July 1st, 2004 Los Angeles, California, U.S.
Known For: Marlon Brando was a legendary actor who was respected for his acting prowess from his early work as a young actor including "The Wild One", "On the Waterfront" and "A Streetcar Named Desire". He continued to make movies over the next fifty years including Mutiny on the Bounty, Last Tango in Paris, Superman, and Apocalypse Now. Possibly his best-known role was as Don Vito Corleone in The Godfather which won him his second Oscar which he declined. (1st was for On the Waterfront 1959).
Known For: Eddie Murphy is an American actor, comedian, singer, film director, and producer. In 1980 he got his big break as a regular cast member in Saturday Night Live and in 1983 had his first movie success playing Billy Ray Valentine in Trading Places. Next followed the Beverly Hills Cop movies where he stars as Axel Foley, a street-smart Detroit cop, who heads to Beverly Hills, California to solve the death of his best friend. He next starred in the Nutty Professor movies where he plays multiple roles including the professor. Other movies include Doctor Dolittle, Dreamgirls, Coming to America, Daddy Day Care, and Norbit. He is also an accomplished voice actor with maybe his best known as the voice of "Donkey" in the Shrek movies.